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1920년대 경성의 전람회와 미술의 ‘대중화’ : 관람, 구매, 제작
원어 제목
Exhibitions in Gyeongseong in the 1920s and the “Popularization” of Art: Viewing, Purchasing, and Producing
주제 분류
자료 유형
특집논문
저자
김정선 金正善   지음
발행일자
2017.06.30
기본언어/원문언어
한국어/한국어
수록면/분량
153-175쪽 / 총 23쪽
국문초록
외국어초록
Gyeongseong(Seoul) in the 1920s saw the era of exhibitions in full scale. The Seowhahyupheo(書畵協會) Exhibition was held in 1921, and the Chosun Art Exhibition(朝鮮美術展覽會) was founded the next year. Furthermore, various group exhibitions, including student, solo, as well as large-scale private exhibitions for selling artwork, were held one after another in public venues like the Mitsukoshi(三 越吳服店), Gyeongseong Daily Newspaper’s Raechunggak(來靑閣), or in school halls. The opportunity to appreciate paintings and calligraphy, which had been exclusive to a few intellectuals (識者) who had an eye for such artworks and was only displayed in a limited space before the modern period, had started to expand to include the general public. This study aimed to trace some aspects of the popularization of art, focusing on the soaring number of exhibitions after the establishment of the Chosun Art Exhibition and those who demanded these exhibitions. Toward this end, this study examined how the general public, who had been alienated from the privilege of appreciating paintings and calligraphy for a long time, transformed into viewers, purchasers, and finally producers. The fact that over 30,000 people visited the Chosun Art Exhibition per session and that exhibitions hosted by newspapers were packed with people who wanted to purchase artworks exemplifies the reality of the time in which “social awareness and common sense toward paintings was being widely expanded.” Indeed, art was still an object of appreciation(玩賞物) for the elite classes and something that the majority of the general public could not understand and amid difficult economic circumstances, it was an extravagant hobby. Since the 1920s, however, the reorganization of visual culture, such as hosting exhibitions, including government-supervised exhibitions(官展), and the progress in art educationallowed new and modern experiences, and it was evident that these ushered in the popularization of art that took a different pathway than that of the past. It is hoped that this study will offer an opportunity to shed light on the modern art community by approaching some of the multi-layered aspects of art consumers, which are often generalized as the “popularization of art.”
참고 문헌
신문 『경성일보 Gyeongseong Ilbo』 『매일신보 Maeil Sinbo』 『동아일보 Dong-a Ilbo』, http://newslibrary.naver.com 논저 강민기 Kang Minki, 「조선물산공진회와 일본화의 공적(公的) 전시 The Nationwide Exposition of Chosun, Chosun Mulsangongjinhye, and its public exhibition of Japanese paintings(Nihonga)」, 『한국근현대미술사학 Journal of Korean Modern & Contemporary Art History』16, 2006 목수현 Mok Soohyun, 「1930년대 경성의 전시공간 The Exhibition Space in Kyungseong during the 1930s」, 『한국근현대미술사학 Journal of Korean Modern & Contemporary Art History』20, 2009 목수현 Mok Soohyun, 「조선미술전람회와 문명화의 宣傳 Propaganda of ‘Civilizing Mission’ in the Chosen Art Exhibition」, 『사회와 역사 Social History』 89, 2011 문정희 Moon Junghee, 「전람회의 시대:『경성일보』(1906~1945)의 미술자료 Age of Exhibitions: Art News in the Gyeongseong Ilbo(1906~1945)」, 『미술사논단 Art History Forum』38, 2014. 6 이우치 가츠에 Iuchi Kasue, 「『경성일보』미술기사로 본 그룹활동 Art Activities in Seoul through the Keijonippo Newspaper」, 『한국근현대미술사학 Journal of Korean Modern & Contemporary Art History』27, 2014 조은정 Cho Eunjung, 「《서화협회전》운영에 대한 연구 A research on Management of Seowhahyupheo Art Exhibition」, 『한국근현대미술사학 Journal of Korean Modern & Contemporary Art History』29, 2015 최은하 Choi Eunha, 「일제시대 한국 수채화 연구 (A) Study on the Korean Water-colours during the Japanese Colonial Period」, 홍익대학교대학원 석사학위논문 Seoul: Hongik University Graduate School of Education, 2001 한국미 술연구소편 Center For Art Studies, 『조선미술전람회 기사자료집 The Choson Art Exhibition: Sources and Articles』, 서울: 시공사 Seoul: Sigonsa, 1999 五十殿 利治 Omuka Toshiharu, 『観衆の成立 The Formation of Audiences』, 東京: 東京大學 出版會 Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 2008 日比嘉 高 Hibi Yoshitak, 「絵の様な人も交じりて展覧会 Exhibition with People like Pictures」, 「美 術展覧会と近代観衆の形成について Art Exhibition and Formation of Modern
키워드
京城 Gyeongseong, 1920년대 전람회 1920s exhibitions, 朝鮮美術展覽會 Chosun Art Exhibition, 觀衆 Audiences, 미술 大衆化 Popularization of Art, 購買 Purchasing, 아마추어 미술가 Amateur artist